Molecular Hydrogen

What is Molecular Hydrogen?


Molecular Hydrogen (H2)

Molecular Hydrogen (H2) is a molecule composed of two hydrogen atoms bonded to each other. This molecule does not commonly occur in nature. Most of the time, hydrogen atoms bond to other atoms. For example, two hydrogen atoms are bonded to a single oxygen atom to form a water molecule.


Water (H2O)

Water is a very important part of our daily lives,
and the two hydrogen atoms in water gives water many of its unique properties via hydrogen bonding. Hydrogen atoms are critical components in water as well as many other organic molecules such as carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, and DNA


Glucose (Carbohydrate)
Hydrogen is White


Actin (Protein)
Hydrogen is Red


Caprylic Acid (Lipid)
Hydrogen is White


The Periodic Table Is an arrangement of chemical elements, ordered by their atomic number, which is the number of protons. As you can see, Hydrogen (H) is on the very top left corner. Typically the sizes of the atoms get bigger as you go from left to right and from top to bottom. Meaning elements towards the bottom right are larger while elements near the top left are smaller.

Hydrogen, the smallest element in existence

Hydrogen (H) appears in the top left corner of the periodic table, and is denoted as 1. It contains one proton and one electron with no neutrons. This means that the element hydrogen is the smallest, simplest, and most fundamental element. This makes Molecular Hydrogen (H2) the simplest molecule in existence since it’s a bond of two of the smallest atom. For simplicity’s sake, we will refer to Molecular Hydrogen as H2 from now on.

Because H2 is so small, it exists as a gas in normal temperatures and pressures. You may have heard of H2 being referred to as hydrogen gas. Hydrogen gas has been the main focus of clean energy because burning it as a fuel generates water vapor as a byproduct instead of the toxic pollution that is produced by burning gasoline. It’s also extremely efficient as a fuel, and will be the main fuel source for cars in the near future.

Hydrogen iseverywhere

Did you know hydrogen composes 75% of the visible universe? It’s the most common element, but Molecular Hydrogen (H2) composes only 1 ppm of Earth’s atmosphere.

When you think of hydrogen, you may think of positive hydrogen ions (H+) which are also called protons. pH is a measurement of the amount of H+ ions that exist in a liquid. The lower the pH, the more protons there are in the liquid and greater the acidity. This is different from the hydrogen we are talking about, which is Molecular Hydrogen (H2).

Is Molecular Hydrogen (H2) produced anywhere naturally?

In nature, H2 is produced by bacteria and algae via anaerobic metabolism. This may account for some of the H2 that’s detected in our atmosphere even though it’s not at a high enough concentration to make a difference in our lives. For humans, the bacteria in your intestines generate H2 as they ferment unabsorbed carbohydrates. The H2 produced in your intestines is either exhaled via your breath or flatulence. Usually the amount of Molecular Hydrogen produced by the bacteria in your gut is not enough to provide noticeable therapeutic benefits.


Burning hydrogen gas and oxygen gas produces efficient energy and water vapor as abyproduct.


Currently, NASA uses liquid hydrogen as its fuel of choice for space exploration because it’s the lightest fuel but also extremely energy dense. It has the highest efficiency as a fuel when in combination with liquid oxygen.


Interesting Fact: A study of Japanese Centenarians (Person who is more than 100 years old) showed that their breath molecular hydrogen levels were up to 4x higher than an average healthy person!

MolecularHydrogen(H2) for Health

Although H2 is a seemingly simple molecule, it provides a variety health benefits that we are still discovering today. The benefits that H2 can provide have been confirmed time and again over the last 10 years even though it has been overlooked for a longtime. Now over 300 research studies show the benefits of H2 in a variety of disease models.

Why haven’t I heard that H2 is good for your health before? The reason why you probably haven’t heard that H2 is beneficial for your health is because “it’s too simple”. H2 can’t be patented, which means it’s not going to be profitable as a pharmaceutical drug. Therefore, not many resources have been allocated to promote H2 in mainstream media.

Also, H2 seems to be “good for everything” at first glance. Since H2 works on the antioxidant defense system inside your cells, its effects vary from person to person. That’s because free radicals affect each of us in different ways. This may be a difficult concept to grasp, and some people end up not believing because it sounds “too good to be true”.

Despite these reasons, progressively more academics and researchers have documented the undeniable evidence for the benefits of H2 on human health. The research on molecular hydrogen has grown exponentially over the past 10 years.


Total # of Research Studies Published Regarding Molecular Hydrogen by Year

There’s a warwaging within your cells


Your cells are constantly under attack by free radicals. Free radicals are byproducts of energyproductionfromyourmitochondria,theenginesofyourcells.Afreeradicalhas an unpaired electron and wants to satisfy it by taking an electron from a molecule nearby. Free radicals are short lived, unstable, and react with other molecules to achieve stability. The scientific term for free radical is Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS).

Imagine a car engine burning gasoline for fuel. What’s the byproduct? Smog, or more specifically,carbonmonoxide.CarbonMonoxideissotoxicthatinhalingitcanbefatal. Free radicals appear in a similar fashion as a waste product of energy production in your cells. Free radicals are like the carbon monoxide of your cells.

Normally, your antioxidant defense system can take care of free radicals before they inflict any harm. But as you age and toxins overload your system, your antioxidant system becomes sluggish and free radicals begin to wreak havoc inside your cells.

Long-term free radical damage, also called oxidative stress, has been linked to aging and most chronic diseases such as cancer, diabetes, neurodegenerative diseases, cardiovascular disease and more. That’s why antioxidants have been a primaryfocus and keyword in the nutritional supplement industry since the beginning.


Your antioxidant defense system

Free radicals are constantly produced in your mitochonrdia

Mitochondria are responsible for producing energy in the form of ATP (currency of energy in your cells), but they also produce free radicals as a toxic byproduct. Oxygen is critical in driving energy production. Unfortunately, 2-5% of the oxygen utilized in energy production convert into Free Radicals called Superoxide Anions.


Antioxidants protect your cells from free radical damage – STEP 1

Within your cells there are antioxidant enzymes such as Superoxide Dismutase that neutralizes a Superoxide Anion and converts it into Hydrogen Peroxide. Hydrogen Peroxide is a weak free radical that is useful in your cells. Your immune system uses Hydrogen Peroxide to kill bacteria and to signal to the rest of your immune system if thereisaninjurytotissue.Typicallywhenyougetacut,HydrogenPeroxideisgenerated which then signals your white blood cells to mobilize to the cut.


Antioxidants protect your cells from free radical damage – STEP 2

Another antioxidant enzyme is Glutathione Peroxidase (GPX). Two GPXs convert one Hydrogen Peroxide into two molecules of water. During this reaction the two GPXs bond together to form Glutathione Disulfide (GDS). GDS needs be recycled by another enzyme to convert back into 2 GPXs ready to take on more Hydrogen Peroxide molecules. This means that GPX is not always readily available and there’s a limit to its function as an antioxidant.

This two-step process of eliminating free radicals inside your cells is crucial for the health of your cells. If there’s not enough Superoxide Dismutase and Glutathione Peroxidase available, Superoxide Anion and Hydrogen Peroxide can build-up in your cells. These free radicals themselves may not be that bad, but they react with each other to form a deadly free radical, the Hydroxyl Radical.

Depending on your diet, lifestyle, and environment, your cells can end up creating more free radicals than your antioxidant enzymes can handle. And it doesn’t help that as you age your antioxidant enzymes dwindle naturally. When excess free radicals are formed inside your cells, it results in serious consequences for your health.


Excess free radicals are dangerous to your cells



No matter how healthy you are, free radicals are generated inside your cells EVERY SECOND. Worse still, the circles above show the most common contributors to extra free radicals inside your cells. Check how many of them you are exposed to daily.

The most dangerous free radical HYDROXYL RADICAL

When free radicals aren’t eliminated quickly, they convert into more dangerous free radicals. For example, Hydrogen Peroxide readily converts into the most dangerous Hydroxyl Radicals in the presence of Iron (in blood cells) or other transition metals.


Hydroxyl Radicals can also be produced in your cells when you are exposed to Radiation, UV rays, or Electromagnetic frequencies (EMF). These arehighly energetic waves that penetrate into your cells and breakupwater.Sometimeswater splits into a Hydroxyl Radical as shown in the figure to the left.


Hydroxyl Radicals are highly reactive free radicals that will steal an electron from any other molecule, thereby damaging them. Notice how similar they are in structure to water. All they need is a hydrogen atom an electron to become water. Their desire to stabilize into water is so powerful that they can easily rip off hydrogen atoms and electrons from any molecule around them to satisfy themselves. Usually the victims are DNA, proteins, and lipids that make up your cells.


Free radical damage in your cells is called OXIDATIVE STRESS

Oxidative Stress occurs when there is a disturbance in the balance of free radicals and antioxidants leading to the formation of Hydroxyl Radicals that cause irreversible damage to cellular molecules. Oxidative Stress is known as the cause of many different health challenges and it affects each individual differently depending on genetics.

If you feel that you’re not as healthy as you should be, the root cause is most likely Oxidative Stress. You need to boost your antioxidant defense system so that it can neutralize excess free radicals efficiently. You can enhance the antioxidants inside your cells by supplementing your diet with antioxidant-rich foods, following a healthier lifestyle, and utilizingH2.

Molecular Hydrogen The Perfect Antioxidant

Many supplement companies claim that their antioxidant formula is the best. Although some of these formulas are effective, no other antioxidants have the ability to act in the multiple ways that Molecular Hydrogen(H2) does to protect you from oxidative stress. That`s why H2 is the Perfect Antioxidant.

Why is Molecular Hydrogen (H2) the Perfect Antioxidant?


H2 is the smallest antioxidant in existence. Other antioxidants such as Vitamin C or Vitamin E are very large molecules compared to H2 and need to go through your digestive tract, absorbed in your intestines, travel through your blood, and enter into your cells before they can eliminate free radicals.

H2 is so small that it can penetrate through your stomach lining to begin acting inside your cells immediately. H2 is also in a gaseous state, so it basically floats through your cells (rapid diffusion) and performs its function as an antioxidant undeterred by the normal mechanisms that prevent other antioxidants from moving freely through the body.

H2 can also cross the Blood-Brain-Barrier easily due to it’s small size whereas other antioxidants have a difficult time getting through or can’t get through at all. The brain is highly susceptible to oxidative stress because it consumes 20% of the oxygen you breathe despite being only being 2% of your body’s weight. So it’s very important to protect your brain with antioxidants since it’s especially vulnerable.



H2 is selective and targets only hydroxyl radicals. This is a key benefit because H2 only eliminates the harmful free radicals but does not directly affect useful free radicals such as hydrogen peroxide or nitric oxide. Like we mentioned before, hydrogen peroxide is used by the immune cells to kill bacteria, and nitric oxide is a signaling molecule that helps open and close blood vessels that divert blood to different areas of the body.

Other antioxidants are not selective but rather neutralize any free radical in their vicinity. Non-selective free radical elimination may disrupt the balance of free radicals to antioxidants inside the cells leading to a negative effect on your body.



Each molecule of H2 can convert two hydroxyl radicals into water, hydrating your cells in the process (Figure 1). Therefore, even at high concentrations, H2 has zero toxicity. Any excess H2 simply gets released from the body. Other antioxidants become weak free radicals themselves after neutralizing free radicals. For example, Ascorbic Acid (Vitamin C) becomes an Ascorbyl Radical (Figure 2).

Slika 2


Slika 1



H2 not only neutralizes hydroxyl radicals directly, it helps enhance your antioxidant enzymes such as glutathione peroxidase, superoxide dismutase, and catalase. Each specific antioxidant enzyme and molecular hydrogen itself take care of different types of free radicals. All of these antioxidants work together to ensure there are no excess free radicals that can cause oxidative stress damage inside your cells.


As shown in the figure above, H2 is able to support your antioxidant enzymes and directly eliminate the most dangerous hydroxyl radicals. H2 offers full protection against free radicals without disrupting the balance of free radicals and antioxidants inside your cells.

Molecular Hydrogen is clearly superior to all other antioxidants due to these four reasons. There are a couple ways to incorporate Molecular Hydrogen into your life which we will discuss in the next section.

Best Way to get Molecular Hydrogen into Your Cells is…

Through all the years of exploration in this field and making various devices, the best way to bring molecular hydrogen (H2) into the body is with our Superflaška, which in three minutes in the water makes a “minor miracle”. Thanks to the special technology of splitting water to hydrogen and oxygen. The electrolysis is carried out through a special membrane (SPE/PEM), which makes it possible that the positive side of the electrolysis is not actually in the water, therefore quantity of the oxygen and other impurities produced on the positive side are virtually none. According to our independent tests, oxygen in the volume of gas produced is less than 2%. But if there would be more oxygen produced, of course there would be nothing wrong.

It is important that in our Superflaška, we always use only PURE LIQUID WATER, WITHOUT ANY ADDITION TO WATER, SWEET OR ALCOHOLIC DRINKS!

Start taking care of your health today!

Hydrogen water from Superflaška is a very powerful natural antioxidant. Such water was proven to have no negative side effects.